The article discusses the problem of professional burnout among occupational therapists working with people with intellectual disabilities. The research was carried out in occupational therapy workshops using the diagnostic survey method and the questionnaire technique. The research allowed to determine individual, environmental and organizational threats of professional burnout. They pointed out the most common components of burnout. They outlined measures to prevent the phenomenon of professional burnout.
People with disabilities with Down syndrome experience many difficulties related to functioning in social aspects of life. Therefore, it is necessary to stimulate these people, among others in terms of psychomotor development, rehabilitation, educational activity and pedagogical assistance.
The main method used in this article is a study method for an individual case of an adult person with Down syndrome staying at ŚDS in Knurów. This method uses the technique of observation, interviewing and analysis of documents. The problems raised in the research focused on: adaptive behavior of a person with Down syndrome, functioning of a disabled person in a group in different social environments, as well as verification whether participation in early forms of revalidation affects the social functioning of an intelectually disabled person with Down syndrome. In addition, problems in the research concerned the forms and methods used by therapists in the process of revalidation of a person with reduced intellectual efficiency and the relationship between the applied forms and methods of revalidation and educational impact, and the development of functional skills by people with intellectual disabilities.
Conducted research for the purposes of this article showed that adaptive behavior is not enough for a person with Down syndrome to function in social life in some aspects. The functioning of a disabled person in different social groups is dependent on many factors and situations, so it is difficult to define them unequivocally. Early forms of education have a beneficial effect on acquiring new psychomotor and social competences. The forms and methods used by therapists depend mainly on the needs of a person with Down syndrome, and psychomotorical and social skills are acquired primarily through revalidation and education classes.
People with Down syndrome need approval from the social environment because it affects the quality of their adaptive behavior. What is also important is the willingness to get to know and understand these people, because it affects the well-being of revalidation and the quality of social functioning of people with Down syndrome.
Many aspects need diagnosing in order to understand the educational situation of children with disabilities in public schools. One of the most important of these, due to the development of ties to the social environment, is research on the interpersonal relations between students with disabilities and students without disabilities. The article presents the results of an analysis of the readiness of able-bodied peers to support students with intellectual disabilities in the common space of the classroom. 401 students attending upper secondary schools that participated in the study. The Scale of Integration Readiness was used to collect the research results. It was found that compared to boys, girls are characterised by a clearly greater readiness to support a student with intellectual disability. Furthermore, it turned out that students who had direct contact with intellectually disabled peers in their school education are characterised by a lower readiness to provide support compared to youth who did not have such interactions. The diagnosed reluctance to provide support should be treated as a significant obstacle to the development of inclusiv education.
The article presents the problem of functioning of people with disabilities in social life and social exclusion of women with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA). The first part contains a brief description of social exclusion highlighting a double exclusion of women with disabilities. A further part presents a short characteristic of SMA and selected research results in the form of exemplary statements of women with the disease about the areas of social exclusion and actions which would support social inclusion. In the summary one can find conclusions, underlining the areas of social exclusion which women with SMA are sensitive to and a presentation of the women’s suggested solutions that would prevent social exclusion.
The article aims to show the aspirations and life plans of the youth in the latter years of attending an integrated middle school. The question seems to be of particular relevance since this is the time when the young people take their first decisions concerning their future. This is when they start planning and setting goals which they perceive as their own. The main objective of the article was to recognize the aspirations and the life plans of this target group. In order to meet this objective we used the method of diagnostic survey. The results of our research confirm that the youth do have plans for their future. In so doing, they follow their internal values, dreams and aspirations. The key values which the subjects mention are other people, the family and a well paid job. The key factors which are to result in meeting their objectives and life plans are believed to be one’s own talents, skills and diligence. The leading value which ought to be pursued in one’s life is, according to the subjects, a happy family life.
Nowadays atopic dermatitis is a huge dermatological and sociological problem. Atopy is considered a civilization disease. Occurrences of atopic dermatitis are increasing in a rapid fashion. The disease is diagnosed mainly in highly developed countries and among white people. At the beginning of the twentieth century, this disease was found in 1 percent of the population, at present about one third of the population suffers from atopy. Despite constantly refined methods of treatment modern medicine has failed to find the ideal drug and the disease mechanism is still not understood. AZS is characterized by eczema with very intense itching. The work describes the disease, its symptoms and clinical diagnostics. The work also focuses on the methods for its treatment and conclusions that can be drawn.
Bedsores are chronic wounds that pose a huge medical problem. Next to hospital infections, they are one of the most serious complications occurring in hospitalized and long-immobilized patients. Untreated, they represent a huge risk of complications that can even lead to the death of the patient. Treatment of bedsores is difficult and requires a lot of time and has to be done in regular fashion. An effective method of their prevention and treatment has been sought for years. Physical methods should be an indispensable element of treatment of these types of wounds. The work describes bedsores, degrees of advancement, patterns of conduct and methods of their treatment.
Background/thesis: This study deals with the issue of social support and self-esteem of young people with visual disabilities. In the introduction both types of phenomena were analyzed with attention to their importance during adolescence. The intention of theresearch concerned determining differences and similarities in terms of social support and self-esteem in blind and visually impaired adolescents and their able-bodied peers, also checking the nature of the relationship between support and self-esteem in both groups.
Method: The research used a diagnostic survey method, a survey technique and the following tools: M. Rosenberg’s Self-Assessment Scale, NSSQ Social Support Questionnaire, J. Norbeck, and a questionnaire designed by the researchers. A total of 60 people were examined, 30 adolescents from each group – both primary and comparative.
Results: In the field of social support received, young people with visual disability got a significantly lower score than their able-bodied peers. Their social support network is also poorer, most likely it is covered by their parents (in case of non-disabled young people – by friends). In the field of self-esteem, young people with visual disability had slightly lower score than the adolescents in the comparative group, but the difference was not significant. The relationships between social support and self-assessment of young people with visual disabilities and non-disabled young people were not statistically significant.
Conclusions: The research did not confirm the hypothesis that there is a positive relationship between social support and self-esteem in the youth groups studied.