Background: The shoulder joint is one of the most mobile joints in the body. Impairments in the upper limb mobility can negatively affect the effectiveness of daily activity and indirectly affect the deterioration of the quality of life. The aim of the work was to determine the active extention movement in the shoulder joint and compare the result with the currently accepted norm.
Methods: The research included 40 adults in two age groups: 20-35 and 36-50 years, each with 10 people of both sexes. The test method was to evaluate active extension in the shoulder joint of the leading hand in the prone position. The degrees of extension were determined using a goniometer and compared with currently accepted standards.
Results: The values of the basic parameters of the two age groups differ slightly from each other. The average value of active extension in the age group up to 35 years-14.1’, while in the group of 36 years on average is 12.9’.
Conclusions: in the SFTR record, the extension in movement in the shoulder joint is 50 degrees, while the functional evaluation indicates that the movement of active extension in the shoulder joint ranges from 10 to 20 degrees. The classification of the values of the degrees of active extension revealed a deviation from the currently accepted norms.
School gardens play an important role in getting children and young people to know nature. Outdoor lessons and being surrounded by greenery develop the natural interests of students who can observe the different stages of plant growth and seasonal changes. School gardens may be the place in which classes in biology, chemistry, the arts, music, Polish and English are conducted. The paper presents a case study – an idea of developing an area near a primary school in Stasin (Lublin voivodeship) into a sensory garden. The new project will meet the diverse needs of children, allow them to develop mentally and physically, and allow teachers to conduct creative activities. The project features five sensory zones: sight, hearing, touch, smell and taste. In addition the project also featured an established a representative zone as well as education, sport and recreation zones. The cohesion of the whole concept is ensured by attractive plantings and unified small architecture.
The purpose of this article is to present a wide range of occupational therapy options. Three different disorders were chosen, which are characteristic for patients at various periods of life. Possibilities of occupational therapy were described using the example of autism in a group of children, multiple sclerosis in adults and dementia in seniors. For each group the article presents suggestions of occupational therapy and discusses three most often used methods for people with specific disorders. The result is a description of three different methods of therapy of each of the age groups. The discussed examples show that occupational therapy can be used in a variety of ways to improve the status of patients. In addition, the positive impact of occupational therapy on many areas of patients’ health and well-being, e.g. improvement of physical fitness, communication skills and cognitive skills, has been shown.
This paper refers to the issue of sexuality of people with moderate intellectual disabilities who are attending Occupational Therapy Workshops. Due to the regular presence among other people, feelings develop between participants. For people with disabilities Workshops are often the only place they can meet other people, establish closer relations, which later develop into friendships or love.
The article raises issues regarding the influence of caregivers on disabled people’s experience of their sexuality, provides insight into the subject of partnership relations that are built between disabled participants, their interest in masturbation, fantasies about sexual relations, as well as utilizing the Internet as a source or form of satisfying sexual needs. The issue of sexual abuse and the topic of homosexuality are raised as well.
Because of being cognitively lost, people with intellectual disabilities often encounter difficulty in understanding how partnerships can be built and what sexuality is.
In the article, the main contributors that determine how difficult it is for people with disabilities to fulfill their sexual need, play the role of a parent, spouse or partner are marked.
The article is based on observations of real behavior of people with disabilities conducted by psychologist working at Occupational Therapy Workshops.
In the summary, the need and benefits of sexual education of people with moderate intellectual disabilities were addressed.
Human sexuality is a very important aspect of one’s life. People with intellectual disabilities regardless of the degree of disability, encounter greater disorders in the sexual sphere than people in the intellectual norm. Satisfaction with one’s sex life is an indicator of stability and life satisfaction. Pregnancy, childbirth and delivery are a special and very important stage in the life of the partners, which significantly affects the experience of intimate contacts in a relationship. The purpose of the article is to present problems that may arise in the sexual functioning of a couple after a family delivery, where both partners have intellectual disabilities and have not been properly prepared by medical staff or other persons, e.g. family or caregivers regarding the possible adverse effects of family delivery on their psyche. The work is of a review nature, but nevertheless it prompts the author to thoroughly analyze the issue, which may result in undertaking empirical research in the future.
For many years, the number of caesarean section operations has been growing. Numerous complications can arise as a result of such an operation. Some may occur even a few years after the treatment. It is very important to properly prepare the scar after caesarean section surgery. The earlier you start working with the scar, the faster and better the results.