Disability and Rehabilitation
Institute of Labor and Social Studies

NR 2 2019


POSITIVE ASPECTS OF THE FUNCTIONING OF PEOPLE WITH PHYSICAL DISABILITY – ANALYTICAL POSSIBILITIES, DIFFICUL-TIES AND PERSPECTIVES
dr hab.,STANISŁAWA BYRA, prof. nadzw. UMCS
Uniwersytet Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej, Instytut Pedagogiki
Summary:

The article addresses the issue of analytical possibilities, difficulties and perspectives related to the positive aspects of functioning of people with physical disabilities. They have been presented in the following problem areas: the use of positive conceptual categories; the use of theories or models to explain the positive aspects of functioning in the context of physical disability; the use of methods of verifying theses contained in the existing theoretical approaches; the practical implications of the research; the perspectives of future research. The theoretical and applicational contribution of positive psychology to understanding of positive elements of psychosocial condition of a person with permanent physical limitations is highlighted, while emphasizing certain specificity of research on disability and the still small scope of empirical verifications in the field of special education and psychology of rehabilitation.

Keywords: physical disability, positive psychology, positive aspects of functioning
EXPERIENCING HAPPINES BY PEOPLE WITH INTELLECTUAL DI-SABILITIES
dr hab., MONIKA PARCHOMIUK, prof. nadzw.
Uniwersytet Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej w Lublinie, Instytut Pedagogiki
Summary:

The subject of the article is the analysis of some issues in the field of happiness in the population of people with intellectual disabilities, taking into account its hedonistic and eudaimonistic dimension. The results of research about the experience of happiness in the hedonistic dimension were discussed, on the basis of the available studies, including people with different levels of functioning. Attention is paid to methodological problems, important for obtaining reliable and accurate material. The question of the usefulness of the eudaimonistic dimension, allowing to assess the life of an intellectually disabled person in terms of a good, sensible and useful one was discussed. The directions of further analyses were indicated aimed at deepening the understand of problems, which are relatively poorly recognized domestically, despite this understanding having significant value for education, rehabilitation and support.

Keywords: intellectual disability, well-being, eudaimonism, hedonism, happiness
CARE GIVEN BY ADULT CHILDREN TO DEPENDENT PARENTS – LOOKING FOR POSITIVES. A RESEARCH REPORT
dr hab., URSZULA BARTNIKOWSKA, prof. UWM
Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie, Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach
dr hab., KATARZYNA ĆWIRYNKAŁO
Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie
dr, BEATA ANTOSZEWSKA
Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie
Summary:

The growing number of the elderly and people in need of support is a challenge both for the state and for individual families. In the study the authors show the positive aspects of the process of home care given by adult children to their parents. The research was carried out in a qualitative approach, using phenomenography and semi structured interviews. 21 people (19 women and 2 men) aged 41-65, who were caregivers of parents for a pe-riod of minimum 6 months, participated in the study. The results of the research showed two areas related to the positive aspects of experiencing such a situation: 1) related to the caregivers (including family contacts, a sense of closeness and lo􀀀e, experiencing social support, personal development, values), 2) related to parents (e.g. positive reactions and parents’ well-being). Positive aspects of the situation of care given to elderly, dependent parents constituted only a small part of the statements of the caregivers. Research has shown that this group needs support.

Keywords: care, adult child as a caregiver, ageing, disabled parent
DEAF AND HARD OF HEARING STUDENTS’ MOTIVATION TO LEARN A FOREIGN LANGUAGE
dr hab., EWA DOMAGAŁA-ZYŚK, prof. nadzw.
Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski
Summary:

The aim of this article is to discuss the issue of motivation to learn a foreign language for deaf and hard of hearing students. Higher education fulfils both educational and rehabilitation functions for this group of people, and meeting the curriculum requirements (including those related to foreign language skills at the B2+ level) is an additional challenge for students with language disorders.
The article discusses the current state of research on the phenomenon of motivation to learn a foreign language and presents the results of research in a group of 6 students with hearing impairments. The English version of the Attitudes/Motivation Test Battery (AMTB) was used as a research tool. The results indicate a good level of both instrumental and integrated motivation to learn a foreign language and an average level of a language  fear  (understood as a factor lowering motivation).

Keywords: hard of hearing, foreign language learning, motivation, deaf, Attitudes/Motivation Test Battery (AMTB)
COPING WITH DIFFICULT SITUATIONS AND ACCEPTING THE DISEASE BY PERSONS WITH CHRONIC DISEASE
dr, GRAŻYNA KWIATKOWSKA, prof. UMCS
Uniwersytet Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej, Wydział Pedagogiki i Psychologii UMCS Lublin, Instytut Psychologii
Summary:

Background / Thesis
Disease is a particularly traumatic event in a human’s life, especially when it suddenly appears, has a heavy, long-term course or threatens life. The ability to cope with the disease, and adapt to it is a result of many factors that shape the patient’s attitude to  a different degree when faced with the threat that the disease does become for him or her. One of the factors is the way of dealing with a difficult situation – namely the chronic disease and accepting it. This allows for better adaptation to the disease situation.
The problem I tried to get the answer for can be formulated as follows:
Is there any relationship between strategies of coping with difficult situations and acceptance of illness in chronically ill people?

Methods
The study used the Mini-COPE Inventory to measure stress coping in the Polish adaptation of Z. Juczyński and N. Ogińska-Bulik and the Scale of Acceptance of Disease - AIS in the adaptation of Z. Juczyński.

Results
The obtained results indicate that the acceptance of the disease correlates with active coping, that is taking actions aimed at improving the situation by chronically ill people. One of the ways is the use of psychoactive substances by people who accept the situation to a lesser extent. They prefer a style focused on emotions.

Conclusions
The research shows that chronically ill people use different strategies to cope with a chronically difficult situation and those strategies allow them to accept the existing situation and adapt to the limitations that a chronic disease brings.

Keywords: coping, persons with chronic disease, difficult situation, acceptance of disease
ADULTS WITH VISUAL IMPAIRMENT FROM A POSITIVE PER-SPECTIVE – THE STATUS OF RESEARCH
dr hab., BEATA SZABAŁA
Uniwersytet Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej w Lublinie, Zakład Socjopedagogiki Specjalnej
Summary:

The reference literature, especially in foreign languages, has long revealed the researchers’ keen interest towards the  issue of functioning of adults with visual impairments, which serves as a counterbalance for national publications dedicated mainly to the problems of children and adolescents suffering from vision impairments. This research paper aims to deepen this grossly under-researched topic of special education. Based on the available literature it characterizes the functioning of adults with visual impairments from a positive perspective in the context of self-esteem, hope, self-efficacy and religiousness.

Keywords: self-esteem, adults with visual impairments, hope, self-efficacy and religio-usness